The College is named after the great poet Laureate of Ghumsur Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja, whose creative genius and poetic imagination enriched Oriya Literature and gave a distinct identity to the language itself. The sylvan background, the view of the century-old reservoir and the shady mango grove provide an ideal atmosphere for healthy academic pursuit and dissemination of knowledge. Distinguished scholars are visiting this college every year to rekindle and refresh the minds of the young students about Upendra Bhanja and Bhanja literature. This institution strives to maintain the dignified heritage of this place. The College also pays tribute to the brave tribal chieftain Chakra Bisoyee, the freedom fighter by naming the hostel as Chakra Bisoyee Hostel. Besides, this ammeter is proud of its innumerable products that have excelled in their spheres of life.
This College was established in 1960. Dr.Harekrushna Mahatab, the then Chief Minister of Orissa laid the foundation stone. It was initially named as Bhanjanagar College but in 1972-73 the elite of the town renamed it as Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja College to mark the greatness of the poet and to keep alive his great ideals.
Earlier it was affiliated to Utkal University in the faculty of Arts in 1960 and Science in 1963. After the establishment of Berhampur University on 2nd January, 1967 it was automatically reaffiliated to it under the Orissa Education Act, 1966. It has by now attained its full-fledged status in all faculties of Humanities, Science and Commerce (1970). The college got Honors affiliation in Oriya (1968-69), History and Political Science (1969-70), Economics (1970-71), Physics (1973-74), Chemistry and English (1976-77), Commerce (1978-79) Mathematics (1979-80), Philosophy (1979-80), Botany and Zoology (1980-81).
After the introduction of three year degree course from the session 1985-86 the College got Government concurrence and University affiliation for all the aforesaid courses. Government concurrence and affiliation from the Council of Higher Secondary Education, Orissa for the opening of +2 Courses have been obtained in Arts, Science and Commerce streams with the implementation of +2 systems from the session 1983-84. Since then it has made remarkable progress and taken great strides to acquire the present status.
Besides imparting teaching in all the three streams - Science, Arts and Commerce, and Honors in a number of subjects, the College has ventured to undertake a good deal of vocational courses and self-financing courses under UGC aided schemes and the State Government. It has introduced Journalism & Mass Communication, at +3 stage and Information Technology at +2 stage. Steps have been taken by the G.B to open BCA, BBA, and Communicative English from the current session. The permission from the Govt. is awaited. Teachers of this institution provide up-to-date information through seminars and extramural lectures. The students are highly benefitted by such academic exercises which help them to face the new challenges of life.
The staff, the students and the elite of the town take great care to make this institution a model one. As the leading institution of this area it has Introduced latest courses like Biotechnology and Material Science and the faculty is fully geared up to meet the challenges. Besides the regular courses, the students as well as the ambitious people of the town take advantage of the novel courses, provided by this college Study centre of the Indira Gandhi National Open University. It has successfully spread the message "Education at door step" and attracted a good number of aspirants into its fold. Quality education is imparted by the qualified faculty supplemented by the rich infrastructure available in the college.
Some of the teaching staff members have undertaken research works, some have registered for PhD under Berhampur University. Many teachers have participated in National seminars & presented articles. This college has a rich library. A two Storied Building exclusively for Library purpose for both Teachers & Students named after Late Laxmi Narayan Patnaik, a renowned freedom fighter of this soil which has been inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Orissa Sjt.Naveen Patnaik & Presided by Sjt. Bikram Keshari Arukha, Hon’ble Chief Whip of the Govt. of Orissa on 22.11.08”.
This College has a well equipped laboratory and a vast stretch of play ground with Gallery facility. There is an NCC unit and five NSS units to channelize the youth power in the nation building activities and to instill in them qualities of leadership, organizational ability and self confidence. The experienced nonteaching staff work hard and help in the smooth running of this institution. The new Governing Body is keen on accelerating the developmental activities of the college. This premier institution has been accredited by the National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NAAC) during the academic session 2006 -07. Step are being taken for NAAC re-accreditation. The Rastriya Uchatar Sikhya Abhijan (RUSA) has pleased to sanction an amount of Rs. 2 (Two) Crore for infrastructure development during the session 2014-15.